AtoZ Maps Online™

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Lesson Plans

These lesson plans are freely available for your use.
Each plan includes the National Geographic Standard (NCGE) as well as an individual state's standard (if available).

Locate the Country

Grade
Subject Map
Lesson Plan Description
Download
4-12
image: Locate the Countries of Central Asia
Locate the Countries of Central Asia
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn country names and country locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Countries of East Asia
Locate the Countries of East Asia
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn country names and country locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Countries of Asia
Locate the Countries of Asia
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn country names and country locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Countries of Africa
Locate the Countries of Africa
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn country names and country locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Countries of the Caribbean Region
Locate the Countries of the Caribbean Region
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn country names and country locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Countries of Central America
Locate the Countries of Central America
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn country names and country locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Countries of North America
Locate the Countries of North America
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn country names and country locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Countries of South America
Locate the Countries of South America
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn country names and country locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Countries of the South Pacific
Locate the Countries of the South Pacific
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn country names and country locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Countries of Western Europe
Locate the Countries of Western Europe
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn country names and country locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.

Locate the Capital of the Country

Grade
Subject Map
Lesson Plan Description
Download
4-12
image: Locate the Capital Cities of Central Asia
Locate the Capital Cities of Central Asia
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn capital city names and capital city locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Capital Cities of East Asia
Locate the Capital Cities of East Asia
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn capital city names and capital city locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Capital Cities of Africa
Locate the Capital Cities of Africa
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn capital city names and capital city locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Capital Cities of Asia
Locate the Capital Cities of Asia
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn capital city names and capital city locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Capital Cities of the Caribbean
Locate the Capital Cities of the Caribbean
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn capital city names and capital city locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Capital Cities of Central America
Locate the Capital Cities of Central America
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn capital city names and capital city locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Capital Cities of North America
Locate the Capital Cities of North America
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn capital city names and capital city locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Capital Cities of South America
Locate the Capital Cities of South America
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn capital city names and capital city locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Capital Cities of the South Pacific
Locate the Capital Cities of the South Pacific
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn capital city names and capital city locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Capital Cities of Western Europe
Locate the Capital Cities of Western Europe
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn capital city names and capital city locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.

Locate the State/Province of a Country

Grade
Subject Map
Lesson Plan Description
Download
4-12
image: Locate the Provinces of Iraq
Locate the Provinces of Iraq
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn province names and province locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Provinces of Australia
Locate the Provinces of Australia
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn province names and province locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Provinces of Canada
Locate the Provinces of Canada
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn province names and province locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Provinces of Afghanistan
Locate the Provinces of Afghanistan
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn province names and province locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the States of Brazil
Locate the States of Brazil
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn state names and state locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Provinces of China
Locate the Provinces of China
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn province names and province locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the States of Germany
Locate the States of Germany
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn state names and state locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Regions of Spain
Locate the Regions of Spain
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn region names and region locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Regions of France
Locate the Regions of France
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn region names and region locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Prefectures of Japan
Locate the Prefectures of Japan
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn prefecture names and prefecture locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Provinces of New Zealand
Locate the Provinces of New Zealand
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn province names and province locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Provinces and Territories of Pakistan
Locate the Provinces and Territories of Pakistan
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn province names and province locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the States of India
Locate the States of India
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn state names and state locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Provinces of Iran
Locate the Provinces of Iran
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn province names and province locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the States of Mexico
Locate the States of Mexico
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn state names and state locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Regions of Russia
Locate the Regions of Russia
Class Time: 2 hours, or 3 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn region names and region locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the States of the United States of America
Locate the States of the United States of America
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn state names and state locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Regions of Italy
Locate the Regions of Italy
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn region names and region locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
4-12
image: Locate the Provinces of South Africa
Locate the Provinces of South Africa
Class Time: 1 hour, or 2 hours with extensions
Purpose: To learn province names and province locations.
Author: Tod Fletcher, World Trade Press
State Standards Included For: Indiana SS
National Geography Standards (NCGE) Addressed:
  • NCGE1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • NCGE3: How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
  • NCGE18: How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.

The National Geography Standards

The first ever national geography standards were developed in response to the "Goals 2000: Educate America Act." under the sponsorship of the four major geography organizations: the American Geographical Society, the Association of American Geographers, the National Council for Geographic Education, and the Committee on Research and Exploration of the National Geographic Society. They were published in 1994, These geography standards are benchmarks against which the content of geography courses can be measured. They are being voluntarily adopted around the United States.

The Six Essential Elements And The Eighteen National Standards

The Geography Standards Framework consists of two levels. At the first level, the subject matter of geography is divided into six essential elements. At the second level, each essential element contains a number of geography standards applicable to a set of related ideas and approaches to the subject matter of geography.

The geographically informed person knows and understands...

Essential Element I.
THE WORLD IN SPATIAL TERMS
  • Standard 1. How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective.
  • Standard 2. How to use mental maps to organize information about people, places, and environments in a spatial context.
  • Standard 3. How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface.
Essential Element II.
PLACES AND REGIONS
  • Standard 4. The physical and human characteristics of places.
  • Standard 5. That people create regions to interpret Earth's complexity.
  • Standard 6. How culture and experience influence people's perceptions of places and regions.
Essential Element III.
PHYSICAL SYSTEMS
  • Standard 7. The physical processes that shape the patterns of Earth's surface.
  • Standard 8. The characteristics and spatial distribution of ecosystems on Earth's surface
Essential Element IV.
HUMAN SYSTEMS
  • Standard 9. The characteristics, distribution, and migration of human populations on Earth's surface.
  • Standard 10. The characteristics, distribution, and complexity of Earth's cultural mosaics.
  • Standard 11. The patterns and networks of economic interdependence on Earth's surface.
  • Standard 12. The processes, patterns, and functions of human settlement.
  • Standard 13. How the forces of cooperation and conflict among people influence the division and control of Earth's surface
Essential Element V.
ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY
  • Standard 14. How human actions modify the physical environment.
  • Standard 15. How physical systems affect human systems.
  • Standard 16. The changes that occur in the meaning, use, distribution, and importance of resources.
Essential Element VI.
THE USES OF GEOGRAPHY
  • Standard 17. How to apply geography to interpret the past.
  • Standard 18. How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.

Citation: National Geography Standards, Geography Education Standards Project. 1994. Geography for Life: The National Geography Standards. Washington D.C.: National Geographic Society Committee on Research and Exploration. This publication is available at the National Council for Geographic Education.


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World Trade Press

World Trade Press is a publishing and information products company dedicated to providing reliable, up-to-date digital media essential for researchers, educators, travelers, and logistics and international trade professionals. These products draw from our Global Knowledgebase of digital reference information, which complements our printed offerings that include maps, books, and atlases.

World Trade Press' philosophy is that we can strengthen mutual understanding across cultures by lowering the information barriers that prevent individuals and organizations from succeeding in the international arena. This outlook originates with the company's founder, Edward G. Hinkelman, an author and economist (Tufts University, University of Paris 'Sorbonne) whose career in the export-import business spanned more than 30 years and took him to 67 countries.

Realizing the need for accurate international trade publications, Mr. Hinkelman founded World Trade Press in 1993. The company has since expanded to meet the needs of libraries, universities, businesses, and many other types of organizations. A passion for high-quality, comprehensive products drives the company and our staff, which works with an international team of writers and topic experts to create content unsurpassed in the fields of culture, travel, language, trade, business, logistics, security, and communications

Company Headquarters

616 E. Eighth Street, Suite 7
Traverse City, Michigan 49686 USA
Phone: [1] (707) 778-1124
Fax: [1] (707) 778-1329
www.WorldTradePress.com
Office Hours: 9:00 AM–5:00 PM (EST) Monday–Friday (Closed on US National Holidays)


Customer Support (Subscription and Technical Support)

Charissa Yachick
Email: support@worldtradepress.com
Tel: [1] 800-833-8586 x412 (toll-free, US only)
Tel: [1] 510-318-9269 (direct)


Sales: Academic and Public Libraries (APL)

Adam Weis
APL Sales Manager, territory: CA, ID, IL, KY, VA, AK, DC, HI, KS, ME, MD, MS, NH, NC, ND, SC, VT, WI
Email: aweis@worldtradepress.com
Tel: [1] 800-833-8586 x201 (toll-free, US only)
Tel: [1] 707-774-7401 (direct)

Alex Gardner
Sales Representative, territory: AZ, CT, GA, IN, IA, LA, MI, MO, MT, NV, WA
Email: alex@worldtradepress.com
Tel: [1] 800-833-8586 x209 (toll-free, US only)
Tel: [1] 707-774-7409 (direct)

Simon Illg
Sales Representative, territory: AR, NE, NJ, NM, NY, SD, UT, WV, OK
Email: simon@worldtradepress.com
Tel: [1] 800-833-8586 x232 (toll-free, US only)
Tel: [1] 707-774-7432 (direct)

Colin Robertson
Sales Representative, territory: DE, MN, OH, PA, RI, TN, AL
Email: colin@worldtradepress.com
Tel: [1] 800-833-8586 x218 (toll-free, US only)
Tel: [1] 707-774-7418 (direct)


International Rights

Edward G. Hinkelman
Publisher/CEO
Email: egh@worldtradepress.com
Tel: [1] 800-833-8586 x204 (toll-free, US only)
Tel: [1] 707-774-7404 (direct)


Bookkeeping and Invoicing

Brooke Ardnt
Accounting
Email: accounting@worldtradepress.com
Tel: [1] (800) 833-8586 x203 (toll-free, US only)
Tel: [1] (707) 774-7403 (direct)


Copyright Notice

All World Trade Press products, including printed books, electronic content (our websites), maps (printed or digital), databases, software, and educational games are the sole copyright of World Trade Press. Reproduction of any copyrighted World Trade Press content requires a permission to reprint or reuse.

For reproduction of a small number of pages by individuals such as educators, students, academic presses, etc., please contact the Copyright Clearance Center at www.copyright.com and click on "Licensing Services" at the upper left part of the screen.

Since its founding 22 years ago, World Trade Press has been a leading authority on the topics of international trade, international travel, and world cultures. The majority of our content (about 85 percent) is proprietary to World Trade Press. It is the result of collaboration between our in-house editorial staff and an international team of writers and topic experts, who are recruited based on their research skill and first-hand knowledge of a given topic. Where applicable, an attribution at the end of an article credits the writer or researcher. An attribution is considered impractical when many individuals contribute over time to the initial creation and subsequent updates of a single article. See below for profiles of our current in-house editorial staff and international writing team.

A portion of our content (about 15 percent) comes from reliable public domain sources or is reproduced with permission from top-tier international organizations. Reproducing this material in the same products with our proprietary content serves our clients by uniting valuable information in one accessible location. The sources for this information are listed on each applicable page.

Management

Edward G. Hinkelman is an international economist with degrees from Tufts University and the University of Paris, and is the CEO/Publisher of World Trade Press. Mr. Hinkelman has more than 30 years' experience as an importer and exporter, and has traveled to and done business in more than 80 countries. He is the author of the industry standard Dictionary of International Trade, now in its eleventh edition. Mr. Hinkelman has been a member of the National District Export Council and a visiting lecturer on trade-related subjects at the University of Michigan, Tufts University, San Francisco State University, numerous TEC (The Executive Committee, now known as Vistage) meetings, and other industry programs and seminars.


Elizabeth Freitas is the Senior Manager of linguistic resources at World Trade Press. She double-majored in English and German at Hillsdale College, then earned a CELTA from St. Giles College and a teaching credential from Sonoma State University. She is conversant in Dutch, German, Spanish, and Portuguese. Her travels have brought her through Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and Central America, including a stint living and teaching English in Cairo.


Hope Kang is the Senior Manager of Editorial Development at World Trade Press. She earned her BA in Spanish language and literature at the University of Maryland, College Park. She has worked as a copywriter and editor for Motorola, as a technical line editor for Free World U, and as an editor in the graphics department at NASA. For United Healthcare, she authored articles on mental health, parenting, and elder care. Conversant in French and Spanish, Hope Kang has lived in Spain, and her favorite travel destinations include Roskilde, Denmark; Glasgow, Scotland; and Israel.

Editors

Brian Arnell is a publishing professional with 14 years' experience in editorial, product development, and management roles for several digital information companies. A US native, he has spent much of his adult life abroad, including residencies in the UK and Australia and travel and research in Africa, Europe, and the Pacific. He holds a master's degree in international relations from the London School of Economics and a master's degree in publishing and communications from the University of Melbourne.


Dorine Jennette holds a PhD in English from the University of Georgia. She has edited creative and scholarly works for the University of Georgia Press, the University of Pittsburgh Press, and the Fordham University Press. She is an editor of the American Poetry Journal, and has previously held editorial positions with Puerto del Sol and the Georgia Review. Dorine Jennette is the author of Urchin to Follow; her poetry and prose have appeared in journals such as Verse Daily, the Journal, Ninth Letter, Coconut, and the New Orleans Review. Her travels abroad include trips to Mexico, Italy, and Costa Rica.


Jennifer Goheen earned her BA with honors in Russian language and literature from Oberlin College, and her MA in English from San Francisco State University. Her love of language is intimately connected with her love of travel. Fluent in Russian, French, and German, she has translated works from French and Russian into English. She has edited in subject areas and material categories ranging from engineering, education, and history to narratives, advertisements, cover blurbs, and company profiles. Among her favorite travel destinations are Sète, France; Skara Brae, Scotland; Emeishan and the Great Buddha of Le Shan in Sichuan, China; and the Bristlecone Pine Forest of California, USA.


Nina Bellucci has editorial experience in the fields of international business, urban planning and architecture, and the law. She holds a bachelor's degree from Vassar College in political science, and a master's degree from Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo. Some of her favorite travel destinations include Spain and the UK.

Editorial Assistants:

Caitlin Phillips
Emilie Hechanova
Graham Bates
Jennifer Kern
Jennifer Shannon
Jo Ann Gleason
Joanna Lamstein
Kathleen Escamilla
KC Moore
Kristen Johnson
Lisana De la Torre
Madison Cobos
Miranda Jilka
Olivia Powers
Rachel Rapp
Samantha Stronge
Maggie Ryan
Simone Yingst
Rykkee D. Owen
Emily Poore
Andrew Ward Rathkopf
Jessica Rose
Laura Anne Tupper
Mimi Yuen
Deanna S. Colombo
J. Haley Campbell
Dawn Carroll
Dimitri Nicholson
Kalie Kreischer

Contributing Writers

A. Cotham earned her bachelor's degree in English literature from the University of California, Berkeley. She has written and edited materials for publications such as Sacramento Magazine and Solano Magazine, and for organizations such as the University of California health care system. Based in Sacramento, California, A. Cotham currently concentrates on travel writing, environmental writing, and technical editing.


Alex Colgan is a freelance writer and editor from Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada. He holds an undergraduate degree in English and political science from St. Mary's University in Halifax, and is completing a master's program in social and political thought from the University of Regina. He writes mainly as an Internet copywriter and content developer, and has also written articles for local and national magazines, including This magazine. Alex is also the current editor of Coastal Life magazine.


Born in Ogden, Utah, Anthon Jackson has written professionally since 2008. In 20 years abroad, he has traveled to 60 countries. In addition to World Trade Press, Anthon has written for Rough Guides, USA Today, Trails, and Travels, while documenting a range of journeys, from Adventure Journey's "20,000 Miles in Asia" to the Royal Geographic Society-sponsored "Oxford Danakil Expedition." He holds a bachelor's degree in Middle East studies/Arabic and is based in Aarhus, Denmark.


Dale Myers is a journalist, travel writer, and novelist from Ventura, California. He has a bachelor's degree in journalism from California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. Dale has been an editor at Marin Scope Newspapers, a senior editor at InfoWorld in San Francisco, and the managing editor of MotorHome magazine. He has traveled extensively in Mexico, Hawaii, and Europe, particularly Italy, and speaks Italian.


Heather Thielen received a bachelor's degree in painting in 2002, then worked in art restoration at a Russian art gallery, where she also wrote articles and managed a website covering Russian art. She moved to Florence, Italy, in 2007, where she learned Italian, worked as a tour guide, and taught English. Heather now lives and works in Southern California.


Jen Westmoreland Bouchard holds a bachelor's degree in French and another in interdisciplinary fine arts from St. Olaf College (Northfield, Minnesota), a Diploma of French Studies from Université de Rennes II (Rennes, France), and a master's degree in French and Francophone Studies from the University of California, Los Angeles. She's been fortunate to travel throughout more than 20 countries on four continents. Jen's work can be found in numerous academic journals, reference books, essay collections, and anthologies published by Liverpool University Press, Pencraft International Press, ABC-CLIO, and Greenwood Press. She is the owner of a freelance writing, editing, and French translation company, www.luciditewriting.com.


Jennifer Williamson is a freelance writer and editor living in New York City. She holds a bachelor's degree in English from St. Lawrence University. Jennifer owns a mobile freelance business, and has traveled and worked in many areas of the world, including the Netherlands, Crete, the UK, France, Belgium, and Kenya. She writes website copy, brochures, e-mail marketing messages, and other marketing collateral—and has helped clients from countries as diverse as China, the UK, France, and South Africa adapt their marketing messages to an American audience. You can see more of her work at catalystwriters.com.


Jessica Kirby holds a bachelor's degree from Vancouver Island University. A double major, she focused her creative writing program on creative nonfiction and journalism; in anthropology, she focused on peace and conflict studies and the Middle East. She has completed original research exploring how journalism is represented cross-culturally, and wrote a series of biographies capturing the stories of people who have survived violent conflict in different geographical and cultural areas. Jessica has worked as a freelance and in-house editor and writer for more than 15 years, covering business, arts and culture, construction, architecture, sustainable living, and cross-cultural studies in magazines, books, and professional journals published across North America. Jessica is from Ontario, Canada, but has called beautiful Vancouver Island home since 1998.


John E. Roper was born and raised in Oklahoma, and has spent most of his adult life overseas. In addition to visiting many countries, he has lived in Senegal, Cote d'Ivoire, Japan, and Italy. While earning a bachelor's degree in English from the University of Central Oklahoma, John began working as a freelance writer. He has written for several print publications, including the Daily Oklahoman and the Arizona Republic, as well as for a wide range of digital platforms, such as USAToday.com, Hotels.com, Salon.com, and Trails.com. He currently writes reviews for The US Review of Books and Breakpoint.org. John's three-act play When I Was Five has been performed on three continents.


Kerrie Main is a writer, editor, and traveler. She holds a bachelor's degree in English and Spanish from Southwest Texas State University, and her work experience spans a number of roles and industries. Beginning her career as an advertising copywriter, she later created and managed an online community for an international meeting planning association.


Libby Zay is a Baltimore-based writer with a bachelor's degree from The Ohio State University in popular culture studies and women's studies. She has contributed to three Latin American guidebooks for V!VA Travel Guides, helped launch mobile travel apps for EveryTrail and TripAdvisor, spent two years writing news stories for AOL Travel, and worked as a guide for City's Best. Follow her adventures at the Huffington Post travel site, Gadling.


Ocean Malandra is a freelance travel writer who divides his time between Northern California and South America. After studying broadcast journalism at the City College of San Francisco, he majored in English at Portland State University. Ocean is currently the guide to San Francisco Travel on About.com, has contributed to several Viva Travel Guidebooks, and has written for many different travel-related sites, including USA Today's Travel Tips and Trails.com. He is also a health researcher and writer and runs several blogs related to natural health.


Paul Giess has a doctorate from the University of London and is a former lecturer in the environmental sciences. His research considered the environmental impact of emissions from the UK nuclear program and was funded by British Nuclear Fuels Ltd. Paul has written widely on environmental issues and the public understanding of science. For many years he produced a topical science column for the Express & Star, the UK's most widely circulated regional newspaper. Currently living in Cape Town, South Africa, Paul has extensive travel experience in both Europe and Africa, and contributes to numerous travel websites and blogs. He also continues to write for selected publications in the UK and Africa, as well as providing academic proofreading for clients in Asia.


Simon Hodgson was born in Scotland and now lives in San Francisco with his wife and son. After completing a master's degree program in history from Edinburgh University, Simon got his first job as a staff writer on an IT business newswire. He's also been a television listings editor, a housing magazine editor, and a freelance writer, writing about travel, business, education, movies, and art. Simon is currently the editorial director of Daily Secret, an international subscriber service that tells people about amazing things in cities across five continents. He has traveled widely across Western Europe, and spent time in Montenegro, Lithuania, Borneo, Georgia, and Kashmir.


Tom Sykes holds a bachelor's degree (Hons) in English and American literature from the University of East Anglia (UK), a program that included a semester of study at the London School of Economics. He is now studying for a doctorate at Goldsmiths College, University of London, focusing on Southeast Asian travel literature. Tom has published travel journalism in the London Daily Telegraph, the London Magazine, the Bristol Review of Books, the Philippine Free Press, and various in-flight magazines. He is the co-editor of 4 travel anthologies that have sold 20,000 copies. The first, No Such Thing as a Free Ride? was published by Cassell Illustrated and serialized in the London Times. Tom has traveled extensively in Asia and Europe. Learn more about him at www.tomgsykes.co.uk.


Darrin McGraw previously served as the Writing Director for the Culture, Art and Technology program at the University of California, San Diego. He holds a bachelor’s degree from Stanford and a Ph.D. from UCLA. He has skied through the middle of town in northern Sweden, dodged bicycles in China, run from hungry baboons in South Africa, and crashed an archaeological dig in Israel. His fiction includes the novels in the Animal Future science fiction series — learn more at darrinmcgraw.com.


Law Firms

ACZALAW Guatemala, S.A. has provided corporate law services since 2000. The firm's partners have broad experience in foreign investment counsel in the following areas: business law with an emphasis in mergers and acquisitions (M&A), labor law with an emphasis in treating labor matters and M&A, and tax law with an emphasis in M&A, with specialty in foreign investment regarding restructuring business (franchises, mergers, acquisitions, joint ventures, licenses, representation and distribution agreements and project finance); purchase and sale of assets of any nature.


Lidings is a leading Russian law firm, dedicated to advising foreign companies on all aspects of Russian law. Founded in 2006 and initially specializing in real estate, corporate and commercial law, and arbitration and litigation, the firm's offices in Moscow and St. Petersburg now comprise more than 20 lawyers providing specialist advice across nine dedicated practice areas.The professionalism of Lidings' lawyers, the quality of their work, and their commitment to client service are regularly acknowledged by international rating agencies as well as the firm's clients. The international directory Legal 500 recognized Lidings as "a firm working to international standards," and acknowledged its niche position in advising foreign companies investing in Russia. Lidings is a member of the International Lawyers Network, an association of 91 high-quality, full-service law firms from 66 countries, comprising more than 5,000 lawyers worldwide.
  


Based in Tel Aviv, Israel, the Moshe Kahn Law Firm is a specialist law firm providing a full range of legal services in most areas of business law. We provide representation in sophisticated corporate, commercial, and real estate transactions and in complex commercial litigation and dispute resolution proceedings. Over the years, the Moshe Kahn Law Firm has gained significant experience providing services to many leading international and local companies. We have extensive international expertise representing foreign clients in Israel as well as local companies abroad, and in dealing with cross-border transactions. Our clientele consists of both large and small firms, from start-ups to leading international corporations, in a broad range of industries. Our solid expertise and experience combined with our individual approach ensure that our clients enjoy superior, results-oriented legal solutions provided with personal attention. Our attorneys are ready to assist you in all areas of business, corporate, and commercial law.

Organizations

Ernst & Young (web: www.ey.com) is one of the largest professional service firms in the world. Ernst & Young Global Limited is an international organization of independent member firms in more than 140 countries worldwide. Although the firm is best known to the general public for its tax and audit services, it also provides advisory and consulting services related to risk management, assurance, corporate development and transactions, and strategic growth.


World Bank (web: www.worldbank.org) is an integrated group of international institutions that provides financial and technical assistance to developing countries. The World Bank Group consists of five organizations:

  • The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) lends to governments of middle-income and creditworthy low-income countries.
  • The International Development Association (IDA) provides interest-free loans—called credits— and grants to governments of the poorest countries.
  • The International Finance Corporation (IFC) provides loans, equity, and technical assistance to stimulate private sector investment in developing countries.
  • The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) provides guarantees against losses caused by non-commercial risks to investors in developing countries.
  • The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) provides international facilities for conciliation and arbitration of investment disputes.


The World Trade Organization (WTO) (web: www.wto.org) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. The WTO provides a forum for reducing obstacles to international trade and ensuring a level playing field for all, thus contributing to economic growth and development. At the organization's heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world's trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.

Online Products

World Trade Press (“World Trade Press,” WTP,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) operates and hosts a number of online information products including (but not limited to):

  • ABC Lingo Lite
  • ABC Maps Online
  • ABC the USA
  • ABC the World
  • ABC World Food
  • AtoZebra Language
  • AtoZ Maps Online
  • AtoZ the USA
  • AtoZ the World
  • AtoZ World Business
  • AtoZ World Culture
  • AtoZ World Food
  • AtoZ World Trade
  • Food Passport
  • Global Business Traveler
  • Global Local Living
  • Global Road Warrior
  • Lingo 123
  • Lingo Lite
  • World Trade REF

and related online programs and mobile applications (collectively, the “Online Services”), each of which is subject to this Privacy Policy and may be subject to additional platform-specific terms.

Products Operated and Hosted from the United States of America

World Trade Press Online Services are operated and hosted from the United States of America. Access to our Online Services is restricted to individuals and institutions who have accepted our Terms of Use. If you choose to access any of the Online Services from locations outside the United States of America, you do so at your own risk and subject to the laws of the United States of America which may differ from privacy laws in your state, province or home country, and you are responsible for compliance with any local laws. By submitting your personal information to us, our distributors, licensees, or agents through the use of the Online Services, you consent to the transfer of your personal information to any country and its use and disclosure in accordance with applicable U.S. federal and state laws and with this Privacy Policy. You may not use or export anything (including information) from the Online Services in violation of U.S. export laws, regulations or the Terms of Use.

Introduction to our Privacy Policy

World Trade Press is concerned about the privacy of information shared through our Online Services. We have created this Privacy Policy to let you know how we collect, use and safeguard the information that is collected and used on the Online Services. Our privacy practices are guided by the United States' Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998, as well as data privacy laws in the United States and other applicable countries. Children under thirteen (13) years of age should always check with their parents or guardians before entering information on any website, including the Online Services, and we encourage families to discuss their household guidelines regarding the online sharing of personal information.

It is our policy to protect your personal information and to use it only in accordance with this Privacy Policy. This Privacy Policy only governs our use and disclosure of information collected through our Online Services, and works in conjunction with the Terms of Use, but does not modify or supersede them. Using our Online Services is voluntary, and by accessing or using our Online Services, you: (i) acknowledge that you have read and understood this Privacy Policy; (ii) agree that your access and use of the Online Services are subject to this Privacy Policy and the Terms of Use; and (iii) consent to our collection and use of your non-personal and personally identifiable information as described in this Privacy Policy, as updated or revised from time to time. At all times, we must reserve the right to disclose any information, including personally identifiable information, to comply with any applicable law, regulation, legal process or government request; to protect our rights and our property (including, without limitation) in the event of transfer of control of the company or substantially all of its assets), or during emergencies when safety is at risk, or for credit fraud protection and risk reduction purposes.

Modifications

World Trade Press may change this Privacy Policy at any time, consistent with the terms set forth in the Terms of Use, by posting the changed or amended Privacy Policy on the Online Services and updating the “Effective Date” set forth below. Your continued use of our Online Services following the posting of any changes to this Privacy Policy will signify your acceptance of any such changes or amendments. Therefore, we encourage you to check our Privacy Policy whenever you use our Online Services to see if it has been updated since your last visit.

Privacy Policy Limited to the Online Services

This Privacy Policy is specific to our Online Services and applies only to our Online Services and does not apply to activities that are "offline" or unrelated to the Online Services, including activities occurring on other websites that we operate. You should note that different privacy policies may apply to other parts of World Trade Press’ web presence.

Types of Information Collected

Several types of data are collected from you when you visit our Online Services, including:

  • (i) personally identifiable information,
  • (ii) non-personal information, and
  • (iii) financial information (only in connection with our e-commerce websites)

Personally Identifiable Information (PII) The majority of World Trade Press Online Services do not ask the user for Personally Identifiable Information.

However, a few of our Online Services offer you the option of establishing a personal or user account (not associated with any financial transaction). Examples include, but are not limited to: ABC World Food, AtoZ World Food, and Food Passport. In these specific instances the user has the option of establishing a user account to collect and organize recipes. In other situations, the user may elect to register for participation in a chat or message board.

In such situations we may ask you to provide personally identifiable information, which may include:

  • your first name,
  • a user name and password (for account administration),
  • an email address,
  • one or several answers to security questions, so we can retrieve your password in the event you have forgotten it; and
  • device ID, including IP address.

Some of this information may be gathered when you send us feedback or an email, when you disclose your email address as stated previously, when you register for certain services, when we set cookies, or directly in response to inquiries on the Online Services.

We may also sometimes collect information on your preferences based upon searches that you conduct through the Online Services. In all such cases you choose whether to provide us with such information; however, certain portions of the Online Services may not be available to you if you do not provide the information requested. By providing such information, you consent to our collection and use of it, as described in this Privacy Policy; however, World Trade Press does not require you to disclose more information than is reasonably necessary to use a feature or functionality of our Online Services as a condition of participation.

Non-Personal Information We automatically collect certain anonymous data regarding usage of our Online Services. The anonymous data we collect may include but is not limited to such information as:

  • The name of the internet domain you used to access the internet,
  • The IP address of the Online Services from which you linked to our Online Services,
  • The date and time you accessed our Online Services,
  • The type of web browser you are using, and
  • The pages on the Online Services that you visited.

This information does not personally identify users, by itself or in combination with other information. We use this information to monitor the effectiveness of our Online Services and to consider potential changes to improve the user experience. Non-Personal Information may be collected through cookies. For more detailed information on cookies, please refer to the “Use of Cookies” section below.

Other Information Not Collected The majority of our Online Services do not require you to disclose, nor require us to request or collect, any credit card or other financial information, or any other personally identifiable information not described above, such as last name, home contact information, date of birth, Social Security number, or other similar non-public information. We do not request, solicit or intend to collect any such information and you should not disclose, enter or upload any such information on the Online Services. If we discover that such information was disclosed by you, we will exercise commercially reasonable efforts to delete such information; however, we are not liable for any consequences relating to such disclosures of information.

Information Collected for an E-Commerce Transaction The majority of our Online Services are made available to institutions and individuals on a licensed basis where the institution makes payment directly to World Trade Press via bank check or bank wire. Several of our Online Services, however, are made available to institutions and individuals through an e-commerce portal. In such cases we ask only for that information required by our credit card merchant account providers, PayPal, or other online payment provider to complete the transaction. This information typically includes:

  • The buyer’s full name,
  • he buyer’s email address,
  • The buyer’s postal code,
  • Credit card or PayPal account number,
  • Credit card month and year of expiry,
  • Credit card security code, and
  • Other information as may be required to complete the transaction

However, other than the buyer’s name and email address, World Trade Press does not itself collect or maintain any of the financial-related information listed above. All such transactions are completed through encrypted and secure protocols with our credit card merchant account provider(s), through PayPal or other payment provider.

World Trade Press itself never comes into contact with, or maintain, any of the specific account information listed above.

Personal Information from Children We do not knowingly collect personal information from children under the age of thirteen (13) without the consent of their parents or guardians. For users less than thirteen (13) years of age, your parent or guardian can review the PII that we collect, ask to have it deleted and refuse to allow any further collection or use of such PII. For more information, or to exercise such rights, please contact World Trade Press using the contact information provided below.

Use and Disclosure of Information Collected

Our use and disclosure of certain information varies with respect to the type of information collected, including: (i) Personally Identifiable Information; and (ii) Non-Personal Information.

Personally Identifiable Information (PII) World Trade Press uses PII collected through our Online Services in conjunction with products and services offered and to respond to your requests for information on products or services. Additionally, we may use your email address to communicate with you regarding your account information only; accordingly, such communications do not constitute marketing. We may also combine such information with similar information for other users to create aggregate reports, which may be shared with your school, institution or other organizational subscriber and utilized internally by World Trade Press. In all cases, information included within such aggregate reports is not individually identifiable.

World Trade Press will not sell your PII to any third parties for marketing purposes. Though we make every effort to preserve your privacy, disclosure of your information to third parties for non-marketing purposes may occur in certain situations such as: (i) responding to a subpoena, court order or other such request; (ii) responding to a law enforcement agency's request or as otherwise required by law; and (iii) providing your information to a third party if there is a transfer of the assets or ownership in connection with proposed or consummated corporate reorganizations, such as mergers, acquisitions, or sales of business units. In all such instances, we will take the utmost care to disclose only that information which is necessary and appropriate under the circumstances. Additionally, we may share personal information with third-party vendors who assist us in performing internal functions necessary to operate our business. We require our third-party vendors to keep such information confidential and to only use the information for the purpose it was provided.

Personally Identifiable Information after Institutional Cancellation The situation may come up where individuals have established a user account on one of our Online Services under the umbrella of an institutional or organization license AND that institution or organization allows their license to lapse. To protect the continuity of such user accounts we will use the user’s email to notify such individuals of the status of their account and that they are eligible for an individual subscription to the Online Service at a 50 percent discount from the then current regular (retail) subscription rate.

Non-Personal Information We use the Non-Personal Information collected through the Online Services for statistical purposes and for improving the functionality of the Online Services. In general, this information is used internally but we may, from time to time, engage a third party’s software or services to assist us with these analyses. In those limited cases, disclosure of this information to a third party is necessary; however, the data remains anonymous at all times.a

Visibility of Your Personally Identifiable Information

If you chose to publish information on our Online Services (such as on a message or chat board) it may be viewed by other users of the Online Services. We are not able to monitor, control, or prevent others from copying, modifying, transmitting, sharing or otherwise further disseminating such information that you have posted in an interactive area of the Online Services. We do not ensure, warrant or guarantee the security of any information that is disclosed in such a way online, so you should consider carefully whether you are comfortable sharing such information in light of the risks.

Use of Cookies

Cookies are small bits of data cached or stored on your computer based on internet activity. We may use cookies to monitor individual activity in aggregate to improve the Online Services and provide features that are tailored to your needs. The information we gather may include IP address, user language, the operating system, browser type, the presence/absence of “flash” plug-ins, screen resolution, connection type, and information that identifies the cookie. Most web browsers automatically accept cookies, but you can usually change your browser settings to prevent this. If you disable cookies, your ability to use some features of the Online Services may be limited.

We also use session cookies when you visit our Online Services. Session cookies are active only during the period you are logged on to our Online Services, and are removed when you leave. They help us track the sections of the Online Services that you use to allow us to make improvements in keeping with observed user preferences. This information helps us identify content and services that may be of interest to our users as we work to make further improvements to the Online Services.

Linked Online Services

We may provide links on the Online Services to other sites of interest; however, we do not review or endorse the content of these sites, and are not responsible for that content or the privacy policies of websites to which our Online Services link. If you provide any information to such third parties, different rules regarding the collection and use of your personal information may apply. We strongly suggest you review such third party's privacy policies and terms of use before providing any data to them. You should contact these entities directly if you have any questions about their use of the information that they collect.

Security; No Liability

World Trade Press has implemented multiple tiers of security measures to help protect against the risk of loss, misuse and alteration of any information under World Trade Press’ control. Personally Identifiable Information provided to World Trade Press is encoded using commercially appropriate technology, consistent with industry standard encryption protocols that protects data as it travels over the Internet, provided your browser supports it. Nevertheless, such security measures may not prevent all loss, misuse or alteration of information on the Online Services, and World Trade Press and its third-party licensors are not responsible for any damages or liabilities relating to any such security failures.

Your California Privacy Rights

California Civil Code Section 1798.83, also known as the "Shine The Light" law, permits users who are California residents to request and obtain from providers once a year, free of charge, information about the personal information (if any) we disclosed to third parties for direct marketing purposes in the preceding calendar year. If applicable, this information would include a list of the categories of personal information that was shared and the names and addresses of all third parties with which we shared information in the immediately preceding calendar year. If you are a California resident and would like to make such a request, please submit your request in writing to:

World Trade Press
616 East Eighth Street, Suite 7
Traverse City, Michigan 49686
Attention: Customer Service

Questions

If you have any questions or concerns about this Privacy Policy or the use of your information, or to modify or update any information we have received, please contact us through the Online Services or by physical or electronic mail addressed to:

World Trade Press 616 East Eighth Street, Suite 7
Traverse City, Michigan 49686
Attention: Customer Service
Email: support@worldtradepress.com

Effective Date: December 11, 2017